|Original title||The True Story of Ah Q|
|Category||15-World literature, 153-World literature (Novel and story)|
Sargozasht e Akio
لو شون (نویسنده انقلابی معاصر چین) هم در آثار چینی خبره بود و هم در آثار خارجی، اما درخشش کار وی در درجه اول به ترجمه هایش مربوط نمی شد، بلکه در آثار خلاقه خودش بود. آثار خلاقه لو شون نه به آثار خارجی شباهت داشت، نه به آثار سبک کهن چینی، با این وجود کماکان چینی محسوب می شد. ما می باید از روحیه لو شون بیاموزیم؛ یعنی بر آثار چینی و خارجی چیره شویم، نکات مثبت هنر چینی و خارجی را جذب کنیم، آنها را بهم بیامیزیم و یک هنر نوین با مشخصه ملی در فرم و سبک، خلق کنیم.
LU HSUN (1881-1936), chief commander of China`s modern cultural revolution, was not only a great thinker and political commentator but the founder of modern Chinese literature. As early as in the May 1918 issue of the magazine New Youth, Lu Hsun published one of his best stories, A Madman`s Diary. This was his `declaration of war` against China`s feudal society, and the first short story in the history of modern Chinese literature. Thereafter he followed up with a succession of stories such as The True Story of Ah Q and The New Year`s Sacrifice, which cut through and sharply attacked stark reality in the dark old society. These stories were later included in the three volumes Call to Arms, Wandering and Old Tales Retold, and have become treasures in the Chinese people`s literary heritage. In his early life Lu Hsun was a revolutionary democrat, who later matured into a communist. His earlier works were mainly stories, 18 of the more important of which, plus the preface to Call to Arms, his first short story collection, have been selected for this volume. The stories show clearly his method in this period of creative writing, thoroughgoing critical realism, a method closely related to the outright anti-imperialist and anti-feudal views which he formed in his early days.